Presidents of Pakistan serves as head of state and holds an influential place within Pakistan’s political system. Discover the role, powers, and responsibilities of the Presidents of Pakistan.
List of presidents of Pakistan
following is the list of all president of Pakistan.
1 st President of Pakistan
Iskander Mirza (1956-1958): When Pakistan began to transition from a Dominion into the status of an Islamic Republic, Mirza became the first Presidents of Pakistan from 1956 to 1958. In the year that he was President, Mirza was removed by a military coup under general Ayyub Khan..
2 nd President of Pakistan
Ayyub Khan (1958-1969) in 1998, Ayyub Khan came to the presidency through a military coup and was subsequently elected President after defeating Iskander Mirza. Between 1958 and 1962, he served in both as President as well as the Chief Martial Law Administrator until 1962 when he enacted a new constitution, which officially named him the Presidents of Pakistan. Under his rule, there was economic growth, modernization efforts as well as closer ties with America and an increase in public discontent that led to unrest and protests until his resignation in 1969, passing power to General Ziarat Ali Khan, who was officially appointed President for two terms. He then handed over the power to General Zia in a short military coup. He handed over to him until the year 1969. taking over power from General Zia and the transfer of authority from Gen Zia over to General Zia Gen Abbasis over.
3rdPresident of Pakistan
Yahya Khan (1969-1971) General Yahya Khan was elected president after Ayyub Khan’s resignation. He led an era of tensions in the political scene that culminated in general elections in 1970 that led to East Pakistan breaking away to create Bangladesh and ultimately putting Yahya Khan out of the presidency altogether. Yahya Khan was eventually forced to step down after Pakistan’s defeat in the Bangladesh Liberation War on December 31, 1971. He resigned on his own initiative after returning to Pakistan following another loss in military combat against Pakistan by the Bangladesh Liberation Forces in the Liberation War victory by Bangladesh forces in the course of war.
4th President of Pakistan
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (1971-1973): Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was elected Presidents of Pakistan in December 1971. He facilitated the transition from the military to a civilian administration. In 1973, he introduced the constitution of 1973 with a the president’s role as a ceremonial one as well as the title of the Prime Minister instead. Bhutto was an inspirational leader who implemented a variety of socioeconomic reforms. Unfortunately, his administration was met with criticism and opposition that ultimately led to its demise in 1977 due to a military coup.
5th President of Pakistan
(1973-78): Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry served as President of Pakistan from 1973 to 1978. He also held various legal positions in the Pakistan Muslim League prior to becoming the President. The time he served as President was mostly ceremonial, with actual authority being exercised by Prime Minister Zulfikar Bhutto at first, and later by General ul-Haq after the attempted coup against the president.
6 th President of Pakistan
(1978-1988) General Zia-ul-Haq was elected president after taking over the government of Zulfikar Bhutto in a coup d’état in 1977. He declared martial law. He ruled as a dictator in the military until 1985 when a revised constitution restored the presidential authority as the head of executive the state. Zia-ul-Haq established the Islamization program and was able to align Pakistan closely with the United States during Soviet-Afghan War However, his administration faced resistance from both human and political rights groups until he died in a plane crash in 1988..
7 th President of Pakistan
(1988-1993): Ghulam Ishaq Khan was elected president in Pakistan in 1988 following the passing of the General Zia-ul-Haq. He was President during a time of political instability with constant changes in government. in 1990 Ghulam Ishaq Khan was dismissed from the government of Benazir Bhutto’s Prime Minister which resulted in an election. He resigned in 1993 after a dispute with the Prime of the government Nawaz Sharif.
8 th President of Pakistan
(1993-191997): Farooq Leghari was elected as the President of Pakistan in 1993, after having served as a top member of Pakistan People’s Party for years prior. However his presidency was shattered by political disputes with Benazir Bhutto, the Prime Minister and her cabinet, which was subsequently dismissed in 1996. Due to the continuing difficulties, he quit in 1997 due to constitutional and political crises in Pakistan.
9 th President of Pakistan
(1998-2001): Muhammad Rafiq Tarar was elected president in 1998 following the resignation of Farooq Leghari. He was a politician and lawyer who was a member of the Pakistan Muslim League (N). His presidency was mostly ceremonial, and the actual power was being held by the the Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Tarar was forced to resign in 2001, which paved the path for general Pervez Musharraf to take power.
10 th President of Pakistan
General Pervez Musharraf (1999-208): General Musharraf was the first president of Pakistan through a peaceful government coup of 1999. He took office following the forced removal of Muhammad Rafiq Tarar out. Musharraf was President as well as the Chief Executive from 2004 after he won a controversial referendum that granted him five years more. However in the face of increasing opposition the General was forced to resign at the risk of impeachment in 2008.
11 thPresident of Pakistan
(2008-203) (2008-203): the President Asif Ali Zardari was inaugurated president in 2008 following his appointment as co-chairman of the Pakistan People’s Party and widower of the former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto. In his five-year term, his presidency was marred by political turmoil and economic crisis, as well as security threats, before handing over power to Mamnoon Hussain in the year 2013.
12 th President of Pakistan
(2013-2018): Mamnoon Hussain was the President of Pakistan from 2013 until the year 2018 during his five-year term as well as membership in the Pakistan Muslim League-N. But his term in office was mostly ceremonial in nature as the real power was held by the Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. After completing his five-year term, He resigned from politics.
13 th President of Pakistan
Arif Alvi (2018-present): Arif Alvi took over the presidency following his victory in the presidential election in 2018. dental professional, Arif has long been connected to Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf party..
The power of president
Pakistan’s President has a central part of the political system, but as time passes, his authority and power have risen slowly. Here are a few of the most important aspects of the power of the President in Pakistan:
President of the State Head of State: As the founder of the state constitution and symbol for Pakistani nationalists The President functions both internationally and domestically. The President is responsible for ceremonial tasks like receiving foreign dignitaries and presenting state prizes and addressing at national gatherings is the principal responsibility as head of state.
Executive powers The President has certain executive powers, though they have been diluted over time. They, for instance, appoint as the prime minister, typically the leader of the majority party or coalition within the National Assembly; governors of provinces; the Chairman and members of the Election Commission; Chief Justices/Judges from Superior Courts/Military Chiefs and other officials of high rank;
Legislative Function The President is an important role of the process for legislating. Legislation passed by Parliament requires his approval prior to becoming law. Likewise, the summoning of or prorogue sessions of Parliament and dissolving the whole thing are all within the President’s sphere of responsibility.
emergency powers In the event of crisis or emergencies the President is able to apply emergency powers conferred by their constitution. They can take emergency measures like declaring an emergency state or suspending fundamental rights, and granting additional executive power.
The appointment of judges The President plays crucial role in the selection of judges for the superior courts. He receives suggestions by the Judicial Commission before making his or her decisions of the judges within.
Pardon Power The President has the power to give pardons, reprieves as well as remissions from punishment to individuals found guilty of offenses. But, this power should be carried out with the guidance of the Prime Minister.
It is important to note that some of the powers of the President are based on suggestions or advice from other constitutional bodies and advisors. This means that his position has been largely formal, with other institutions like the Prime Minister or Parliament posing important legislative and executive powers and any deviations could be due to constitutional changes and political dynamics or the interpretation of judges.
Major Political Parties in Pakistan
- Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI): PTI is currently the dominant party in Pakistan which is led by the Prime Minister Imran Khan and established in 1996. Since the year 2018 Imran Khan, the chairman of PTI was PM from 2018 to 2021.
- Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N): PML-N is one of Pakistan’s most important political parties, founded in 1993 under the leadership of people from the Sharif family, with Nawaz Sharif as the most prominent leader. It has been in power several times and has a large amount of support from Punjab province, which is the most populous province of the country.
- Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP): PPP is a major political party that has strong roots throughout the rural Sindh as well as other regions of Pakistan it was founded in 1967 and subsequently led by members of the Bhutto Zardari family, including the former Premier Benazir Bhutto and her husband Asif Ali Zardari who each have a key role in the.
- Muttahida Qaumi movement-Pakistan (MQM-P) was founded in 1984 and experiencing a number of changes throughout the years, MQM-P is a political party that represents Urdu-speaking communities of Karachi along with cities in Sindh areas. MQM-P has been a major force in Karachi politics.
- Awami National Party (ANP) founded in 1986, ANP was a political organization which primarily represents the Pashtuns throughout Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and parts of Balochistan. They support Pashtun rights as well as democratic values and secularism.
- Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUI): JUI is a religious conservative political organization in Pakistan which includes a variety of factions like JUI-F (led by Maulana Fazlur Rehman) and JUI-S (led by Maulana Samiul Haq). JUI-F has risen to prominence in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan regions of Pakistan.
- Pakistan Muslim League — Quaid (PML-Q) It was formed by dissidents from the PML-N back in 2002. PML-Q is now forming alliances with a variety of political parties, and also participated in coalition governments.
- Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP): TLP is an extremist right-wing political party that is famous for its adamant stance on laws against blasphemy as well as concerns regarding the protection of Islam. Since becoming popular TLP has been involved in demonstrations and protests throughout Pakistan.
These are the most prominent party political groups in Pakistan but their impact and stature can change in the course of time. In addition, it must be kept in mind that Pakistan’s politics scene is always changing and new alliances or parties could appear at any moment in the future. and changing