Table of Contents
The general election in Pakistan scheduled for February 8th, 2024, carries substantial importance for the trajectory of the country. In light of the fact that numerous political parties vie for power, it is vital that eligible citizens comprehend the voting procedure in order to exercise their democratic right effectively.
National and Provincial Assemblies
In addition to the National Assembly, representatives are elected to the four Provincial Assemblies. Let’s dissect each voting system in detail:
- Total Seats: 336
- Directly Elected: 266 seats through first-past-the-post voting in single-member constituencies. The candidate with the most votes in a constituency wins.
- Reserved Seats: 70 seats allocated proportionally based on party performance in the general seats:
- 60 seats for women
- 10 seats for non-Muslims
- Total Seats: 749 across all four provinces
- Voting System: Similar to the National Assembly, with a combination of:
- 593 general seats through first-past-the-post
- 132 seats for women and 24 seats for non-Muslims allocated proportionally
Voter Eligibility & Registration
- Election day for Pakistani citizens aged 18 and older.
- Members of the electoral registry for the constituency in which they are registered.
- The continuous registration process permits the enrollment of new electors at any time of the year.
- Periodically, verification and updates are performed on pre-existing registrations.
- The NADRA (National Database and Registration Authority) is responsible for the administration of the electoral register.
- On February 8, polling stations will be accessible from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM.
- For verification, voters are required to present their Computerized National Identity Card (CNIC).
- Gender-segregated polling booths will be implemented.
- Every eligible voter is issued a ballot paper that corresponds to the election in which they are participating, namely the provincial assembly and the national assembly.
- Check the appropriate box adjacent to the preferred candidate or political party listed on each ballot.
- In order to obscure your vote, fold the ballot paper and place it in the designated receptacle.
- In some constituencies, biometric verification may be utilized to increase security.
Counting and Results
- The process of counting occurs at every polling station with the oversight of presiding officers.
- The electronic transmission of counting results to designated centers facilitates the consolidation process.
- The official results are declared by the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) subsequent to a thorough examination and validation of all voting counts.
- February 8th, 2024: Election Day
- February 9th onwards: Scrutiny and result declaration process begins
- Mid-February (expected): Final results announced
- Also eligible to register and vote in their designated constituencies are overseas Pakistanis.
- The ECP website and mobile application furnish extensive details pertaining to the election procedure, candidate rosters, and the whereabouts of polling stations.
- Ongoing voter education initiatives aim to enhance public consciousness and promote well-informed engagement.
A comprehension of the voting process enables citizens of Pakistan to actively engage in the process of shaping the destiny of their nation. Through a comprehensive understanding of the procedural aspects, prerequisites for participation, and electoral framework, citizens may exercise their right to vote with assurance and actively contribute to the conduct of a harmonious and triumphant 2024 election. Recall that the Pakistan election is a pivotal occasion for the nation, and participation that is well-informed is mandatory.