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Overview of Article 62 of the Constitution of Pakistan
The Constitution of Pakistan, adopted in 1973, serves as a cornerstone for governance in Pakistan. Of particular note is Article 62 which sets out qualifications and standards for membership of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament). This provision defines eligibility criteria that candidates for membership in Parliament must meet, reflecting values and principles considered essential to responsible leadership.
Article 62 States
Qualifications for membership of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament):
- A person shall not be qualified to be elected or chosen as a member of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) unless-
- he is a citizen of Pakistan;
- he is, in the case of the National Assembly, not less than twenty -five years of age and is enroled as a voter in any electoral roll in-
- any part of Pakistan, for election to a general seat or a seat reserved for non-Muslims; and
- any area in a Province from which she seeks membership for election to a seat reserved for women.
- he is, in the case of Senate, not less than thirty years of age and is enrolled as a voter in any area in a Province or, as the case may be, the Federal Capital 144 144, from where he seeks membership;
- he is of good character and is not commonly known as one who violates Islamic Injunctions;
- he has adequate knowledge of Islamic teachings and practises obligatory duties prescribed by Islam as well as abstains from major sins ;
- he is sagacious, righteous and non-profligate, honest and ameen, there being no declaration to the contrary by a court of law;
- he has not, after the establishment of Pakistan, worked against the integrity of the country or opposed the ideology of Pakistan.
- The disqualifications specified in paragraphs (d) and (e) shall not apply to a person who is a non-Muslim, but such a person shall have good moral reputation.
Key Points of Article 62 of the Constitution of Pakistan
- Citizenship Requirement:
- Individuals aspiring for parliamentary membership must be citizens of Pakistan.
- Age and Voter Enrollment:
- For the National Assembly, candidates must be at least 25 years old, enrolled as voters in relevant electoral rolls.
- For the Senate, the age requirement is 30, and candidates must be voters in the designated area.
- Good Character and Adherence to Islamic Principles:
- Candidates must possess good character, avoiding violation of Islamic injunctions.
- Adequate knowledge of Islamic teachings, along with the practice of obligatory duties and abstention from major sins, is expected.
- Moral and Ethical Standards:
- Candidates are required to be sagacious, righteous, non-profligate, honest, and ameen (trustworthy).
- National Integrity and Ideology of Pakistan:
- Candidates should not have worked against the integrity of Pakistan or opposed its ideology since its establishment.
- Exceptions for Non-Muslims:
- Non-Muslim candidates are exempt from certain disqualifications related to adherence to Islamic principles but must maintain a good moral reputation.
Crux of Article 62 of the Constitution of Pakistan
At its core, Article 62 seeks to establish a framework that ensures individuals occupying parliamentary seats embody the highest standards of integrity, morality, and commitment to the ideals of Pakistan. By emphasizing adherence to Islamic principles, good character, and a dedication to the nation’s integrity, the article strives to create responsible and ethical leadership.
Conclusion: Article 62 of the Constitution of Pakistan
Article 62 stands as a beacon guiding the selection of Pakistan’s parliamentary representatives. It reflects the constitutional architects’ intent to cultivate a leadership cadre deeply rooted in ethical principles and committed to the nation’s foundational ideology. As Pakistan navigates its path forward, Article 62 serves as a reminder that the nation’s leadership should not only be politically astute but also morally upright and aligned with the values cherished by its people.
In conclusion, Article 62 encapsulates the essence of responsible governance, shaping the character and caliber of the individuals who contribute to the legislative framework of Pakistan. It is a testament to the nation’s commitment to fostering a leadership that reflects the aspirations and principles embedded in its constitutional heritage.