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Overview of Article 55 of the Constitution of Pakistan
The Constitution of Pakistan, adopted in 1973, serves as the cornerstone of governance and democratic principles in Pakistan. Of its many provisions, Article 55 plays an essential role by regulating voting procedures at National Assembly meetings as well as setting forth its quorum requirements for proceedings. This blog post delves deeper into its inner workings to demonstrate its integral part in supporting Pakistan’s parliamentary democracy.
Article 55 States
55. Voting in Assembly and quorum.
- Subject to the Constitution, all decisions Voting in of the National Assembly shall be taken by majority Assembly a of the members present and voting, but the person quorum. presiding shall not vote except in the case of equality of votes.
- If at any time during a sitting of the National Assembly the attention of the person presiding is drawn to the fact that less than one-fourth of the total membership of the Assembly is present, he shall either adjourn the Assembly or suspend the meeting until at least one-fourth of such membership is present.
Key Points of Article 55 of the Constitution of Pakistan
- Voting in the National Assembly: Article 55(1) provides for voting procedures within the National Assembly. According to this provision, decisions of the Assembly shall be determined by majority vote among present and voting members; its leader (usually its Speaker) does not participate unless there is an equal number of votes cast and can cast the deciding one in an instance where there is an even vote count; otherwise they do not vote at all.
- Quorum Requirement: Article 55(2) establishes the National Assembly quorum requirement. When any time during an Assembly session it becomes apparent to its person presiding (typically the Speaker) that less than one-fourth of its total membership are present, their presiding officer (often known as “Speaker”) has the authority to take various actions such as adjourning or suspending meetings until at least one-fourth is present – this ensures a minimum number of people must be present during meetings allowing proceedings to remain valid.
Crux of Article 55 of the Constitution of Pakistan
Article 55 is an integral element of Pakistan’s democratic framework, outlining the core rules governing voting procedures at the National Assembly and upholding democratic principle that decisions in the Assembly must be reached by majority vote among present members who actively participated in voting processes.
The provision that authorizes the presiding officer, typically the Speaker, to cast the deciding vote in case of a tie underscores their impartiality and importance as facilitators of legislative proceedings. This mechanism ensures that decisions can still be reached even in situations of deadlock.
Article 55(2) establishes a quorum requirement as an essential safeguard of Assembly proceedings, ensuring a minimum number of members attend sessions and thus prevent decisions being taken with insufficient representation from elected officials.
Article 55 captures the democratic spirit of Pakistan’s parliamentary system by emphasizing representation, majority vote power and minimum participation requirements in order to validate legislative processes.
Conclusion: Article 55 of the Constitution of Pakistan
Article 55 of Pakistan’s 1973 Constitution serves as the cornerstone of democratic governance. It outlines rules for voting in the National Assembly, emphasizing its democratic principle that decisions are reached through majority participation in order to make decisions more easily and swiftly.
Quorum requirements emphasize the necessity of elective representatives participating in order for any legislative process to remain legitimate, with their role of breaking ties highlighting both impartiality and importance of this role in legislative processes.
As Pakistan continues its democratic journey, Article 55 remains an indispensable guidepost in shaping both political and legislative processes across the country. It symbolizes Pakistan’s commitment to democratic principles, rule of law, and citizens’ voices being expressed through elected representatives in the National Assembly. Article 55 acts as a beacon light to illuminate Pakistan’s path to democratic governance while upholding its commitment to democratic ideals.