Table of Contents
Overview of Article 219 of the Constitution of Pakistan
Nestled within the constitutional fabric of Pakistan, Article 219 stands as a linchpin governing the duties of the Election Commission. Crafted in the Constitution of Pakistan in 1973, this article intricately outlines the specific responsibilities entrusted to the Election Commission, reflecting the nation’s commitment to a robust and transparent electoral process.
Article 219 States
219. Duties of Commission
- The Commission shall be charged with the duty of:-
- preparing electoral rolls for election to the National Assembly, Provincial Assemblies and local governments, and revising such rolls periodically to keep them up-to-date;
- organizing and conducting election to the Senate or to fill casual vacancies in a House or a Provincial Assembly; and
- appointing Election Tribunals;
- the holding of general elections to the National Assembly, Provincial Assemblies and the local governments; and
- such other functions as may be specified by an Act of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament):
Provided that till such time as the members of the Commission are first appointed in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (b) of clause (2) of Article 218 pursuant to the Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010, and enter upon their office, the Commissioner shall remain charged with the duties enumerated in paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) of this Article.
Key Points of Article 219 of the Constitution of Pakistan
- Preparing Electoral Rolls: Under Article 218, it is the Election Commission’s duty to compile electoral rolls for use by the National Assembly, Provincial Assemblies and local governments. This involves both initial compilation and periodic revision to ensure accuracy and completeness in order to create an equitable electoral system that benefits everyone equally.
- Organizing and Conducting Elections: The Commission is mandated to organize and conduct elections to the Senate and fill casual vacancies in legislative bodies. This duty extends beyond the logistical aspects, encompassing the entire electoral lifecycle – from candidate nomination to result declaration with an emphasis on fairness and integrity.
- Appointing Election Tribunals: Recognizing the possibility for electoral process disputes, Article 219 grants the Election Commission authority to establish Election Tribunals that play an essential role in adjudicating election-related conflicts impartially while adhering to constitutional principles.
- Holding General Elections: Perhaps the cornerstone of its duties, the Election Commission, as outlined in Article 219, is charged with the responsibility of holding general elections to the National Assembly, Provincial Assemblies, and local governments. This duty underscores the Commission’s central role in shaping the democratic destiny of the nation.
- Other Functions as Specified by Law: The article grants flexibility by allowing the Commission to undertake additional functions as specified by Acts of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament). This provision acknowledges the evolving nature of electoral dynamics, empowering Parliament to adapt the Commission’s role to meet contemporary challenges.
Crux of Article 219 of the Constitution of Pakistan
The essence of Article 219 lies in its commitment to fostering a robust and transparent democratic process. By entrusting the Election Commission with multifaceted responsibilities, it aims to create an electoral framework founded on fairness, inclusivity, and the rule of law.
This constitutional provision not only establishes the Election Commission as a key player in shaping the electoral landscape but also emphasizes the interconnectedness of its duties. From meticulous list preparation to the adjudication of disputes, Article 219 ensures a seamless and comprehensive approach to safeguarding the integrity of the electoral system.
Conclusion: Article 219 of the Constitution of Pakistan
Article 219 stands as an indispensable cornerstone in Pakistan’s constitutional architecture, and symbolizes its commitment to democratic principles. Additionally, the article empowers the Election Commission to oversee every aspect of electoral processes so that every voter’s voice can be heard during free, fair, and transparent elections.
Article 219 stands out in Pakistan’s Constitution of 1973 as an important symbol of its commitment to democracy, emphasizing the vital role played by the Election Commission in shaping national destiny through electoral processes.