Table of Contents
Overview of Article 148 of the Constitution of Pakistan
Article 148 of the Constitution of Pakistan stands as a pivotal chapter in the constitutional narrative, defining the obligations and responsibilities of both Provinces and the Federation. Enshrined in the Constitution of Pakistan 1973, this article elucidates the principles that govern the exercise of executive authority, emphasizing the need for collaboration, compliance with federal laws, and the protection of provincial interests. As we embark on an exploration of Article 148, we unravel the intricacies of this constitutional provision, shedding light on its key elements and its role in fostering a cohesive and cooperative governance framework.
Article 148 States
148. Obligation of Provinces and Federation
- The executive authority of every Province shall be so exercised as to secure compliance with Federal laws which apply in that Province.
- Without prejudice to any other provision of this Chapter, in the exercise of the executive authority of the Federation in any Province regard shall be had to the interests of that Province.
- It shall be the duty of the Federation to protect every Province against external aggression and internal disturbances and to ensure that the Government of every Province is carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
Key Points of Article 148 of the Constitution of Pakistan
- Coordination Between Federal and Provincial Authorities: Article 148 outlines a framework for coordination between federal and provincial authorities, envisioning an harmonious relationship where both levels work collaboratively to enforce laws while safeguarding provincial interests.
- Recognition of Provincial Diversity: The consideration of provincial interests, as outlined in Article 148(2), reflects an acknowledgment of the diversity of interests and needs across different regions of Pakistan. This recognition is vital for a governance model that respects the uniqueness of each Province.
- Federation’s Role in Safeguarding Provinces: Article 148(3) assigns specific duties to the Federation, highlighting its role in protecting Provinces against external threats and internal disturbances. This underscores the federal commitment to the security and constitutional order of each Province.
Crux of Article 148 of the Constitution of Pakistan
At its core, Article 148 embodies the essence of cooperative federalism. The crux of this constitutional provision lies in its commitment to fostering collaboration, ensuring compliance with laws, and safeguarding the interests and security of Provinces. It recognizes that effective governance requires a delicate balance between federal authority and provincial autonomy, creating a framework that promotes unity and diversity simultaneously.
The three clauses collectively establish a roadmap for governance that is not only responsive to the unique needs of each Province but is also committed to the constitutional principles that underpin the democratic fabric of Pakistan.
Conclusion: Article 148 of the Constitution of Pakistan
In conclusion, Article 148 emerges as a cornerstone in the constitutional architecture of Pakistan, guiding the relationship between Provinces and the Federation. It navigates the complexities of governance by instilling principles of collaboration, compliance, and protection within the constitutional framework.
As we unravel the key points of Article 148, it becomes evident that this provision is not a mere legal directive but a reflection of the democratic values enshrined in the Constitution of Pakistan 1973. It sets the tone for a governance model that respects diversity, fosters cooperation, and ensures that the constitutional order is upheld with diligence.