Table of Contents
Overview of Article 113 of the Constitution of Pakistan
The Constitution of Pakistan, established in 1973, stands as the foundational legal document shaping the nation’s governance. Among its myriad articles, Article 113 assumes significance in delineating the qualifications and disqualifications for membership in a Provincial Assembly. As a mirror image of Articles 62 and 63, which pertain to the National Assembly, Article 113 extends these criteria to the Provincial level.
Article 113 States
113. Qualifications and disqualifications for membership of Provincial Assembly
The qualifications and disqualifications for membership of the National Assembly set out in Articles 62 and 63 shall also apply for membership of a Provincial Assembly as if reference therein to “National Assembly” were a reference to “Provincial Assembly”.
Key Points of Article 113 of the Constitution of Pakistan
- Uniformity in Standards: Under Article 113, Articles National and Provincial Assemblies are to maintain uniform eligibility standards to create an unified approach regarding qualifications and disqualifications for those serving on these legislative bodies.
- Reference to Articles 62 and 63: Article 113 explicitly references Articles 62 and 63, which outline the qualifications and disqualifications for members of the National Assembly. By incorporating these articles, Article 113 streamlines the eligibility criteria, avoiding redundancy and creating a cohesive framework for both levels of government.
- Importance of Qualifications: The qualifications set out in Article 113 reflect the constitutional emphasis on ensuring that individuals serving in Provincial Assemblies possess the necessary attributes, such as integrity, competence, and commitment, to contribute effectively to the legislative process.
- Preventing Dual Standards: Article 113 prevents the establishment of dual standards for eligibility between the National and Provincial Assemblies. By aligning the criteria, it upholds the principle that individuals seeking to represent the public should meet consistent standards, regardless of the legislative body they aim to serve.
Crux of Article 113 of the Constitution of Pakistan
In essence, Article 113 serves as the bridge connecting the qualifications and disqualifications outlined for the National Assembly with those applicable to Provincial Assemblies. This linkage is vital in fostering a coherent and harmonized approach to the selection of representatives at different tiers of government. It reflects the framers’ intent to establish a seamless and consistent mechanism for determining who can and cannot serve as a legislator in Pakistan.
Article 113’s overarching purpose is the promotion of democratic values and sound governance by requiring elected representatives to meet a set of standards that ensure they uphold legislative process integrity while building public trust in democratic institutions in their nation.
Conclusion: Article 113 of the Constitution of Pakistan
In conclusion, Article 113 of the Constitution of Pakistan plays a pivotal role in shaping the landscape of representative democracy in the country. By aligning the qualifications and disqualifications for Provincial Assembly membership with those of the National Assembly, it establishes a cohesive and uniform framework. This not only streamlines the eligibility criteria but also reinforces the commitment to upholding democratic principles at both the national and provincial levels.
As we delve into the intricacies of Article 113, we gain insight into the constitutional fabric that governs the political landscape of Pakistan. It serves as a testament to the meticulous design of the 1973 Constitution, emphasizing the need for consistency and integrity in the selection of individuals entrusted with the responsibility of legislative representation.