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A country’s Constitution serves as its guiding document, outlining citizens’ rights and protections. Pakistan’s Islamic Republic of Pakistan Constitution of 1973 serves as its supreme law and provides many rights and responsibilities, such as Article 11, which prohibits slavery, forced labor and child labor. We will explore its key features to gain an appreciation of its significance for protecting human dignity.
Overview of Article 11 of the Constitution of Pakistan
Article 11 is an essential piece of the Constitution of Pakistan 1973 that stands as evidence of Pakistan’s commitment to human rights and dignity, outlining specific provisions related to slavery, forced labor and child labor. Let’s explore its key components and implications.
Article 11 States
11 Slavery, forced labor, etc. prohibited
- Slavery is non-existent and forbidden and no law shall permit or facilitate its introduction into Pakistan in any form.
- All forms of forced labor and traffic in human beings are prohibited.
- No child below the age of fourteen years shall be engaged in any factory or mine or any other hazardous employment.
- Nothing in this Article shall be deemed to affect compulsory service:-
- by any person undergoing punishment for an offence against any law; or
- required by any law for public purpose provided that no compulsory service shall be of a cruel nature or incompatible with human dignity.
Slavery Is Forbidden
The first part of Article 11 unequivocally declares that slavery is non-existent and forbidden in Pakistan. This prohibition extends to all forms of slavery, ensuring that no law may permit or facilitate its introduction in any form.
Prohibition of Forced Labor
It further emphasizes the prohibition of all forms of forced labor. This protection extends to all individuals, regardless of their circumstances.
Protection of Children
The Constitution explicitly states that no child below the age of fourteen years shall be engaged in any factory, mine, or any other hazardous employment. This provision acknowledges the vulnerability of children and seeks to shield them from dangerous and exploitative work.
While prohibiting slavery and forced labor, the article does acknowledge compulsory service. Compulsory service may be required by law for public purposes, but it should not be of a cruel nature or incompatible with human dignity.
Key Points of Article 11 of the Constitution of Pakistan
Absolute Prohibition: Article 11 leaves no room for ambiguity. It categorically forbids slavery, forced labor, and child labor, sending a clear message that such practices are unacceptable in Pakistan.
Child Protection: The Constitution’s recognition of children’s rights is a critical aspect of the article. It prioritizes their well-being and development, safeguarding them from hazardous employment.
Human Dignity: The crux of it is the preservation of human dignity. It ensures that individuals are not subjected to inhumane treatment or forced into servitude, upholding their fundamental rights.
Crux of Article 11 of the Constitution of Pakistan
At its core, Article 11 represents Pakistan’s commitment to human rights, equality and dignity. It stands as evidence of their determination to end slavery and forced labor while safeguarding children at risk in society. Pakistan’s commitment to building an equitable and humane society can be seen through this article being included as part of their Constitution.
Conclusion: Article 11 of the Constitution of Pakistan
Article 11 of Pakistan’s 1973 Constitution stands as an anchor of hope for its citizens, affirming the unequivocal prohibition against slavery, forced labor and hazardous child employment – this constitutional safeguard represents an integral step toward safeguarding human dignity and rights in Pakistan’s journey toward progress and development; serving as an important cornerstone in creating an equitable and just society.